About Psychodrama in New Zealand
Psychodrama in New Zealand is a federation of psychodrama training Institutes in Aotearoa New Zealand. The federation is a part of the Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Inc (AANZPA Inc).
Benefits of Training
- Become skilled at facilitation and working with group dynamics.
- Develop a presence and authority in groups.
- Learn to work effectively in the moment.
- Integrate Morenian theory about interpersonal relations and human development.
- Apply psychodrama training in your chosen field.
Psychodrama is deep and complex
So much training and self-development is shallow and simplistic: ‘Learn this and you will be able to do that’. But human beings don’t work this way, because real life is complex and unpredictable. Knowing what to do is very different from being able to do it. Psychodrama is a profound way to look at life in all its complexity and chaos. And to do this in a teachable, straightforward manner. This way you can face life with confidence and spontaneity.
‘Psyche’ relates to the spirit or mind, while ‘drama’ relates to the stories acted out in life every day. By combining mind and action, psychodrama gets to the reality beneath the surface. It teaches you to ‘feel colours’ or ‘see smells’, as it were. It may sound a bit ‘airy fairy’ but it’s not. Once you get below the surface you can learn things about yourself and the roles you play that will help you make a real difference to your life and the lives of people around you.
A typical psychodrama session
How does psychodrama work in practice? In a typical session, a small group of enthusiastic people work cooperatively to do their personal psychodramas and are led by an experienced practitioner. The trainer will ask someone to get up and act out some of their deepest personal or communal concerns, such as being bullied in the workplace, or the plight of the homeless in society. Others in the group will join in, acting the extra roles in the person’s drama. The session develops spontaneously as each person in turn takes the lead role in their own drama or support roles in other people’s dramas.
In this open-ended way, people find ideas and solutions they didn’t know they had, and which they would never have found using conventional training or self-discovery methods. Instead of passively absorbing ‘the answers’, they actively find their own answers and help other people find theirs. The whole thing is spontaneous and fluid, not didactic and rigid.
Exploring what is important for you
As a participant in a psychodrama session you can explore the life situations that are of interest and concern to you through this type of dramatic enactment. In the course of the enactment you can express, refine and integrate new ways of being and doing. Psychodrama works for people of all ages and cultures with a wide range of life experiences. It strengthens your sense of self. It also strengthens your relationships with others and your effectiveness in groups.
Psychodrama is taught experientially. This means that training is highly interactive, involving you with working with yourself, your life, the life of others and the the development of the group. This method of teaching provides a form of deep learning that grounds the learning in your identity not just a series of ideas.
History of psychodrama
Psychodrama is based on the philosophy and methods conceived of by psychiatrist Dr Jacob Moreno (1889-1974). It grew out of his experiments in Vienna in the 1920’s with the theatre of spontaneity, a form of improvisational theatre. Moving to the USA in 1925 he continued to combine this with his interest in social science, exploring the possibilities of treating clients using group psychotherapy. This work has been further refined by many practitioners and training institutes around the world including in the United Kingdom, Central and Eastern Europe, USA, South America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
Though somewhat younger, Moreno was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud, and like Freud he developed techniques to get below the surface of ordinary life to help people heal. Yet where Freud used the couch, Moreno used the stage, and instead of sitting passively he was an active participant on this stage.
Moreno developed several techniques related to psychodrama, including sociodrama, sociometry, role theory and group psychotherapy, all of which are studied within the QTIP program.
Psychodrama is being actively used and taught throughout to the world. In places such as North and South America, Canada, the European Union, Russia, Turkey, South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, China, Japan.
A meeting of two: eye to eye, face to face. And when you are near I will tear your eyes out and place them instead of mine, and you will tear my eyes out and will place them instead of yours, then I will look at me with mine.J. L. Moreno
Psychodrama assists individuals to:
- re-examine their current life situations, their past, their social networks and cultural context
- generate new perspectives on particular events or situations
- develop fresh responses to entrenched relationship dynamics
- prepare for future situations in which they wish to function with a greater degree of flexibility, vitality and immediacy
- bring together action, insight and ‘here and now’ experience as they engage with life
- enlarge perceptions of themselves and others
Psychodrama assists groups to:
- examine themselves and constructively work through the dynamics of group life
- recognise patterns of interaction and interpersonal dynamics
- investigate both the formal and informal relationship networks
- recognize their collective functioning and make informed decisions about changing group norms