Psychodrama in New Zealand
Psychodrama in New Zealand is a federation of psychodrama training Institutes in Aotearoa New Zealand. The federation is a part of the Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Inc (AANZPA Inc).
What is psychodrama training
Psychodrama training is a post-graduate level of development based on the work of Dr J. L. Moreno. The programme, outlined in AANZPA Training and Standards Manual, is designed to develop understanding and expertise in relation to individual functioning, interpersonal relations, social systems and group processes which enable a person to be effective, spontaneous and creative in their life and work.
The training is experiential so trainees learn from their direct involvement in the method as a protagonist, director, auxiliary and group member.
Annual training programmes, as well as short training workshops, are provided by Training Institutes that have been accredited by the AANZPA Board of Examiners. A person choosing to complete the requirements over 5-7 years may become certificated as a psychodramatist, sociodramatist, sociometrist or role trainer.
Psychodrama training is relevant to people interested in enhancing personal, interpersonal and group functioning in the fields of health, education, organisational development and creative arts.
Psychodrama training will assist you to:
- develop your personal and interpersonal capacities
- deepen your abilities to work creatively with the development of individuals, groups, communities and organisations
- develop skills in group work and facilitation
- develop your abilities to explore, understand and intervene in complex social systems
- learn to work effectively in the moment with emerging concerns
- develop a presence and authority in groups as a group member and group leader
- integrate the profound body of Morenian theory about interpersonal relations, groups and human development that you can apply in your chosen field.
The psychodrama method is:
- an integrated approach to learning involving reflection, action, imagination and memory
- a recognised approach to psychotherapy and counselling
- effectively used in education and training
- a sound basis for organisational development
- a robust form of leadership training
What is psychodrama?
Psychodrama has been referred to as the drama of the soul and the theatre of truth. It is a general term that refers to any approach that expresses the philosophy and methods developed by Dr J.L. Moreno.
‘Psyche’ relates to the mind or spirit, while ‘drama’ relates to action, image, and story. Psychodrama is a form of drama that works to enliven the psyche. By combining thinking, feeling and action, psychodrama enables us to explore life and relationships with their nuances and complexities and to get to the reality beneath the surface.
The psychodrama method is based on the idea of highly motivated human beings acting on the aspirations and deepest concerns of the society or subculture or small group in which we live. In his book Who Shall Survive?, J. L. Moreno wrote: “A truly therapeutic procedure cannot have less an objective than the whole of humanity”.
History of psychodrama
Psychodrama is based on the philosophy and methods conceived of by psychiatrist Dr Jacob Moreno (1889-1974). It grew out of his experiments in Vienna in the 1920’s with the theatre of spontaneity, a form of improvisational theatre. Moving to the USA in 1925 he continued to combine this with his interest in social science, exploring the possibilities of treating clients using group psychotherapy. This work has been further refined by many practitioners and training institutes around the world including in the United Kingdom, Central and Eastern Europe, USA, South America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
Though somewhat younger, Moreno was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud, and like Freud he developed techniques to get below the surface of ordinary life to help people heal. Yet where Freud used the couch, Moreno used the stage, and instead of sitting passively he was an active participant on this stage.
Moreno developed several techniques related to psychodrama, including sociodrama, sociometry, role theory and group psychotherapy, all of which are studied within the QTIP program.
Psychodrama is being actively used and taught throughout to the world. In places such as North and South America, Canada, the European Union, Russia, Turkey, South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, China, Japan.
Psychodrama assists individuals to:
- re-examine their current life situations, their past, their social networks and cultural context
- generate new perspectives on particular events or situations
- develop fresh responses to entrenched relationship dynamics
- prepare for future situations in which they wish to function with a greater degree of flexibility, vitality and immediacy
- bring together action, insight and ‘here and now’ experience as they engage with life
- enlarge perceptions of themselves and others
Psychodrama assists groups to:
- examine themselves and constructively work through the dynamics of group life
- recognise patterns of interaction and interpersonal dynamics
- investigate both the formal and informal relationship networks
- recognize their collective functioning and make informed decisions about changing group norms